eDiscovery or "Structured Data"

eDiscovery & Structured Data

CRA eDiscovery and structured data experts assist companies and their counsel in preserving, collecting, processing, analyzing, reviewing, reporting on, and producing relevant electronic data. We leverage leading practices and tools to help clients address eDiscovery challenges, as well as the often-complex aspects of structured data (database) discovery, analytics and visualization.

CRA deploys cross-trained teams to help clients gain deep insights into the nature, extent, and implications of electronic data. Our teams integrate expertise in accounting, technology, business intelligence, and deep industry knowledge; and they possess the skills required to ensure our work will withstand aggressive adversarial and/or regulatory scrutiny.

Our team includes eDiscovery industry experts, certified digital forensics examiners, investigators, former IT auditors, former law enforcement officers, and information security experts with decades of eDiscovery and data analytics experience.



CRA helps clients with discovery involving “unstructured data” such as email, memos, and spreadsheets that are the focus of many discovery matters. Our consultants enable clients and counsel to quickly sift through available data to find documents that are responsive to discovery requests.

Our eDiscovery experts go beyond simply processing and hosting client data to:

  • Develop flexible, customizable workflows that span the Electronic Discovery Reference Model (EDRM) and are informed and educated by our experience and expertise;
  • Perform thorough and efficient forensic collection of all electronically stored information sources including cloud-based and other complex repositories beyond traditional computer, network folders, and email sources;
  • Advise on litigation and forensic readiness and eDiscovery strategies; and
  • Collaborate with our clients and counsel to provide comprehensive, transparent eDiscovery solutions that can be backed up by declarations, affidavits, and expert testimony.

CRA also utilizes cutting edge tools, enabling counsel to quickly cull unresponsive documents and focus on those that are relevant. These include the innovative use of advanced text analytics and technology-assisted techniques – such as predictive coding – to make reviews both more efficient and more effective.

Structured data discovery

Companies are increasingly storing critical business information in database platforms, such as financial information stored in the general ledger, human resources data, and customer data stored in CRM platforms. These structured data sources are now almost always included in discovery requests.

CRA’s structured data discovery experts help clients assess and identify data sources, collect relevant information, enable review of key data elements, and produce in a variety of formats. Our team can also help integrate structured data sources with matching elements found in unstructured data. This often reveals insights into data not otherwise available.

Structured data analytics

Structured data sources are often central to the actual conduct of a litigation or investigative matter. Our structured data analytics team works with subject matter experts to provide expert services on projects such as:

  • Fraud investigations;
  • Cyber crimes and data breaches;
  • Data privacy investigations;
  • FCPA investigations;
  • AML matters; and
  • Litigation during pre-discovery, discovery, damages, or settlement phases.

We collaborate with IT and business stakeholders to identify and collect relevant sources of data, often from inactive or decommissioned systems. Our consultants are experts at identifying and analyzing large data sets to provide business intelligence and understand data relationships, structure, and quality. This can provide a huge competitive advantage in litigation and investigation matters.

Data visualization

Good decisions are most defensibly made by first gaining deep insights from data. CRA’s data visualization experts unlock the power of data in a way that clients and their counsel can quickly access.

Our team creates flexible, adaptable models that enable experts to rapidly analyze data and discover meaningful patterns. Examples of our work include:

  • Product profitability dashboards;
  • Compliance dashboards;
  • Completion dashboards; and 
  • General business visualization development.

CRA Forensic Services is ISO27001:2013 certified, the best-known international standard for information security. CRA International, Inc. holds private investigator licenses in Illinois (License No. 117.001795 115.002511), Indiana (Private Investigator Firm License No. PI21600025), Massachusetts (License Number LP1045A), and Michigan (Professional Investigator Agency License No. 3701207037).